Question Paper of CS-02 Introduction to Software of June 2000 from IGNOU

Note : Question 1 is compulsory. Answer any three from the rest.

1. (a) Write a shell program to find the square root of a number.

(b) Write an algorithm/program to reverse and sum the digits of a 4-digit integer.

(c) Write context free grammar for assignment statement in C-language.

(d) Compare and contrast the disk space management methods, the Linked list with Bitmap method.

2. (a) Discuss an assembler macro facility and its implementation within an assembler with appropriate example.

(b) Discuss the tasks performed during Lexical Analysis. Also explain the relevance of regular expressions in Lexical Analysis.

3. (a) Consider the following set of processes which arrive in the ready queue at the same time:

Process CPU time
P1 8
P2 3
P3 2
P4 7
P5 3

Consider the following scheduling algorithms :

FCFS, SJF and Round Robin (quantum = 1)

(i) What is turnaround time of each process for each of the above scheduling algorithms?
(ii) What is the waiting time of each process for each of the above algorithms?

(b) Explain the need for interprocess synchronization. Discuss how message passing allows interprocess communication and synchronization.

4. (a) Discuss how the degree of multiprogramming and CPU utilization is increased using virtual memory management technique.

(b) Discuss the support for object orientation in MS-Windows and Macintosh.

5. (a) Compare and contrast Coalescing and Compaction.

(b) Define fragmentation. How does it occur? Discuss memory management schemes with respect to fragmentation.

6. (a) List the UNIX commands for the following :
(i) To search files for lines that match a particular pattern given
(ii) To sort a given file in reverse numeric order
(iii) To print the last 10 lines of a file
(iv) To count lines for each file
(v) To print location of first difference

(b) Write a shell program to test whether the given year is a leap year or not.

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